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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One) 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from to

 

Commission File No. 001-39040

 

AST SPACEMOBILE, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   84-2027232

(State or other jurisdiction of 

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer 

Identification No.)

 

Midland Intl. Air & Space Port    

2901 Enterprise Lane 

Midland, Texas

  79706
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(432) 276-3966
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

New Providence Acquisition Corp. 

10900 Research Blvd 

Ste 160C PMB 1081 

Austin, TX 78759 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share   ASTS   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Warrants exercisable for one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $11.50   ASTSW   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act): Yes ☐ No

 

As of August 13, 2021, there were 51,729,704 shares of Class A common stock, $0.0001 per value, 51,636,922 shares of Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value, and 78,163,078 shares of Class C common stock, $0.0001 par value, issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 
 

 

AST SPACEMOBILE, INC.

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED JUNE 30, 2021

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
Part I. Financial Information   1
Item 1. Interim Financial Statements   1
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (Unaudited)   1
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)   2
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)   3
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)   4
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)   5
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements   6
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   29
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures Regarding Market Risk   39
Item 4. Controls and Procedures   39
Part II. Other Information   40
Item 1. Legal Proceedings   40
Item 1A. Risk Factors   40
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds   49
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities   49
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures   49
Item 5. Other Information   50
Item 6. Exhibits   50
Part III. Signatures   51

 

i 
 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Interim Financial Statements.

 

AST SPACEMOBILE, INC. 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED) 

(dollars in thousands, except per share data) 

 

   June 30, 2021   December 31, 2020 
         
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $402,612   $42,777 
Accounts receivable   1,273    2,081 
Inventory   3,655    2,591 
Prepaid expenses   5,578    1,249 
Other current assets   1,474    2,234 
Total current assets   414,592    50,932 
           
Property and equipment:          
BlueWalker 3 Satellite - construction in progress   38,659    27,013 
Property and equipment, net   15,657    10,057 
Total property and equipment, net   54,316    37,070 
           
Other non-current assets:          
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net   6,661    7,045 
Intangible assets, net   398    526 
Goodwill   3,792    3,912 
Other assets and deposits   

2,891

    160 
Total other non-current assets, net   13,742    11,643 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $482,650   $99,645 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $6,284   $4,990 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   3,746    4,222 
Deferred revenue   5,104    3,401 
Current operating lease liabilities   470    504 
Total current liabilities   15,604    13,117 
           
Warrant liabilities   115,509    - 
Non-current operating lease liabilities   6,340    6,541 
Total liabilities   137,453    19,658 
           
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 6)   -     -  
           
Stockholders’ Equity          
Preferred stock, $.0001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021   -    - 
Class A common stock, $.0001 par value, 800,000,000 shares authorized, 51,729,704 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021   5    - 
Class B common stock, $.0001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 51,636,922 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021   5    - 
Class C common stock, $.0001 par value, 125,000,000 shares authorized, 78,163,078 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021   8    - 
Additional paid-in capital   168,297    - 
Common equity (pre-combination)   -    117,573 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (373)   (168)
Accumulated deficit   (71,466)   (39,908)
Noncontrolling interest   248,721    2,490 
Total stockholders’ equity   345,197    79,987 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  $482,650   $99,645 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

  

 1 
   

 

AST SPACEMOBILE, INC. 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED) 

(dollars in thousands, except per share data) 

 

   2021   2020   2021   2020 
   Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30, 
   2021   2020   2021   2020 
                 
Revenues  $2,773   $402   $3,735   $1,175 
                     
Cost of sales (exclusive of items shown separately below)   (1,112)   (772)   (2,019)   (1,801)
                     
Gross profit (loss)   1,661    (370)   1,716    (626)
                     
Operating expenses:                    
Engineering services   6,321    2,775    11,978    4,924 
General and administrative costs   9,157    2,635    14,693    4,813 
Research and development costs   9,052    -    9,356    43 
Depreciation and amortization   567    185    1,182    305 
Total operating expenses   25,097    5,595    37,209    10,085 
                     
Other income and expense:                    
Changes in fair value of warrant liabilities   (41,677)   -    (41,677)   - 
Interest income   6    17    8    53 
Interest expense   -    13    -    (9)
Other expense, net   (6)   (3)   (36)   (6)
Total other (expense) income   (41,677)   27    (41,705)   38 
                     
Loss before income tax expense   (65,113)   (5,938)   (77,198)   (10,673)
Income tax expense   (56)   -    (57)   - 
Net loss   (65,169)   (5,938)   (77,255)   (10,673)
                     
Add: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests   45,191    349    45,697    677 
Net loss attributable to common shareholders  $(19,978)  $(5,589)  $(31,558)  $(9,996)
                     
Basic and diluted net loss per share(1)   $(0.39)   N/A   $(0.39)   N/A 
                     
Basic and diluted weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share(1)   51,729,704    N/A    51,729,704    N/A 

 

 

(1) Earnings per share information has not been presented for periods prior to the Business Combination (as defined in Note 1), as it resulted in values that would not be meaningful to the users of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Refer to Note 12 for further information.

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

 

 2 
   

 

AST SPACEMOBILE, INC. 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS (UNAUDITED) 

(dollars in thousands) 

 

   2021   2020   2021   2020 
   Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30, 
   2021   2020   2021   2020 
                 
Net loss  $(65,169)  $(5,938)  $(77,255)  $(10,673)

Other comprehensive loss

                    
Foreign currency translation adjustments   (16)   (212)   (281)   (40)

Total other comprehensive loss

   (16)   (212)   (281)   (40)
Total comprehensive loss   (65,185)   (6,150)   (77,536)   (10,713)
Add: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest   

45,199

    

463

    

45,773

    

689

 
Comprehensive loss attributable to common shareholders  $(19,986)  $(5,687)  $(31,763)  $(10,024)

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

 

 3 
   

 

AST SPACEMOBILE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2021

 

   Shares   Values   Shares   Values   Shares   Values   Capital   Shares   Values   Loss   Deficit   Interest   Equity 
  

Class A

Common Stock

  

Class B

Common Stock

  

Class C

Common Stock

  

Additional

Paid-in

  

Common Equity

(Pre-Combination)

  

Accumulated Other

Comprehensive

   Accumulated   Noncontrolling   Total 
   Shares   Values   Shares   Values   Shares   Values   Capital   Shares   Values   Loss   Deficit   Interest   Equity 
                                                     
Balance, March 31, 2021 (1)   -   $-    -   $-    -   $-    -    129,800,000   $117,943   $(365)   (51,488)   1,916   $68,006 
Recapitalization transaction, net of transaction costs of $45.7 million   51,729,704    5    51,636,922    5    78,163,078    8    168,234    (129,800,000)   (117,943)   -    -    291,811    342,120 
Stock-based compensation   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    256    256 
Adjustment to Noncontrolling interest upon issuance of Incentive Units at AST LLC   -    -    -    -    -    -    63    -    -    -    -    (63)   - 
Unrealized foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    (8)   -    (8)   (16)
Net income (loss)  -    -   -    -   -    -    -   -    -    -    (19,978)   (45,191)   (65,169)
Balance, June 30, 2021   51,729,704   $5    51,636,922   $5    78,163,078   $8   $168,297    -   $-   $(373)  $(71,466)  $248,721   $345,197 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2021

 

  

Class A

Common Stock

  

Class B

Common Stock

  

Class C

Common Stock

  

Additional

Paid-in

  

Common Equity

(Pre-Combination)

  

Accumulated Other

Comprehensive

   Accumulated   Noncontrolling   Total 
   Shares   Values   Shares   Values   Shares   Values   Capital   Shares   Values   Loss   Deficit   Interest   Equity 
                                                     
Balance, December 31, 2020 (1)   -   $-    -   $-    -   $-    -    129,800,000   $117,573   $(168)   (39,908)   2,490   $79,987 
Stock-based compensation pre Business Combination   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    370    -    -    -    370 
Recapitalization transaction, net of transaction costs of $45.7 million   51,729,704    5    51,636,922    5    78,163,078    8    168,234    (129,800,000)   (117,943)   -    -    291,811    342,120 
Adjustment to Noncontrolling interest upon issuance of Incentive Units at AST LLC   -    -    -    -    -    -    63    -    -    -    -    (63)   - 
Stock-based compensation post Business Combination   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    256    256 
Unrealized foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    (205)   -    (76)   (281)
Net income (loss)  -    -   -    -   -    -    -   -    -    -    (31,558)   (45,697)   (77,255)
Balance, June 30, 2021   51,729,704   $5    51,636,922   $5    78,163,078   $8   $168,297    -   $-   $(373)  $(71,466)  $248,721   $345,197 

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

  

Class A

Common Stock

  

Class B

Common Stock

  

Class C

Common Stock

  

Additional

Paid-in

  

Common Equity

(Pre-Combination)

  

Accumulated Other

Comprehensive

   Accumulated   Noncontrolling   Total 
   Shares   Values   Shares   Values   Shares   Values   Capital   Shares   Values   Loss   Deficit   Interest   Equity 
                                                     
Balance, March 31, 2020 (1)   -   $-    -   $-    -   $-   $-    129,787,819   $117,203   $(259)  $(20,254)  $2,387   $99,077 
Stock-based compensation   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    147    -    -    -    147 
Unrealized foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    (98)   -    (114)   (212)
Net income (loss)  -    -   -    -   -    -    -   -    -    -    (5,589)   (349)   (5,938)
Balance, June 30, 2020   -   $-    -   $-   -   $-   $-    129,787,819   $117,350   $(357)  $(25,843)  $1,924   $93,074 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

  

Class A

Common Stock

  

Class B

Common Stock

  

Class C

Common Stock

  

Additional

Paid-in

  

Common Equity

(Pre-Combination)

  

Accumulated Other

Comprehensive

   Accumulated   Noncontrolling   Total 
   Shares   Values   Shares   Values   Shares   Values   Capital   Shares   Values   Loss   Deficit   Interest   Equity 
                                                     
Balance, December 31, 2019 (1)   -   $-    -   $-    -   $-   $-    100,905,894   $43,312   $(329)  $(15,847)  $2,613   $29,749 
Issuance of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, net of issuance costs of $5,958   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    28,881,925    73,870    -    -    -    73,870 
Stock-based compensation   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    168    -    -    -    168 
Unrealized foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    (28)   -    (12)   (40)
Net income (loss)  -    -   -    -   -    -    -   -    -    -    (9,996)   (677)   (10,673)
Balance, June 30, 2020   -   $-    -   $-   -   $-   $-    129,787,819   $117,350   $(357)  $(25,843)  $1,924   $93,074 

 

 

(1) Previously reported amounts have been adjusted for the retroactive application of the recapitalization related to the Business Combination. Refer to Note 3 for further information.

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

 

 4 
   

 

AST SPACEMOBILE, INC. 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED) 

(dollars in thousands)

 

   2021   2020 
   Six Months Ended June 30, 
   2021   2020 
         
Cash flows from operating activities:          
Net loss  $(77,255)  $(10,673)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation   1,074    200 
Amortization of intangible assets   108    105 
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities   41,677    - 
Change in the carrying amount of right-of-use assets   371    141 
Stock-based compensation   598    168 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   748    (323)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (3,519)   (674)
Inventory   (1,163)   (743)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   112    736 
Operating lease liabilities   (220)   (141)
Deferred revenue   1,828    1,838 
Other assets and liabilities   (2,731)   (23)
Net cash used in operating activities   (38,372)   (9,389)
           
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Purchase of property and equipment   (6,998)   (1,269)
BlueWalker 3 Satellite - construction in process   (11,600)   (8,008)
Net cash used in investing activities   (18,598)   (9,277)
           
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Proceeds from Business Combination   456,420    - 
Direct and incremental costs incurred for the Business Combination   (39,542)   - 
Repayment for founder bridge loan   -    (1,750)
Proceeds from issuance of Series B Preferred Stock   -    79,833 
Issuance costs from issuance of Series B Preferred Stock   -    (7,745)
Net cash provided by financing activities   416,878    70,338 
           
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash   (73)    (42)
           
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   359,835    51,630 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   42,777    26,498 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period  $402,612   $78,128 
           
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:          
Non-cash investing activities:          
Purchases of construction in process in accounts payable 

$

1,813   $945 
Purchases of property and equipment in accounts payable   517    219 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities as of January 1, 2020 upon adoption of ASC 842   -    6,472 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements

 

 5 
   

 

AST SPACEMOBILE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

JUNE 30, 2021

(Unaudited)

 

1.    Organization and Nature of Operations

 

AST SpaceMobile, Inc., collectively with its subsidiaries (“SpaceMobile” or the “Company”), is an innovative satellite designer and manufacturer. SpaceMobile is currently in the process of assembling, integrating, and testing its BlueWalker 3 (“BW3”) test satellite and the design and development for the SpaceMobile constellation satellites in advance of manufacturing and launching the first space-based global cellular broadband network distributed through a constellation of Low Earth Orbit Satellites (the “AST Satellite Constellation”). Once deployed and operational, the AST Satellite Constellation will provide connectivity directly to standard/unmodified cellular phones or any 2G/3G/4G LTE and 5G enabled device (the “SpaceMobile Service”). At that point, we intend to offer the SpaceMobile Service to cellular subscribers and others through wholesale commercial roaming agreements with cellular service providers on a global basis. The Company operates from six locations that include its corporate headquarters and 85,000 square foot satellite assembly, integrating and testing facility in Midland, Texas, and engineering and development offices located in Maryland, Spain, the United Kingdom, and Israel. In addition, its 51% owned and controlled subsidiary, NanoAvionika (“Nano”), is located in Lithuania.

 

On April 6, 2021 (the “Closing Date”), the Company completed a business combination (“Business Combination”) pursuant to that certain equity purchase agreement, dated as of December 15, 2020 (the “Equity Purchase Agreement”), by and among AST & Science LLC (“AST LLC”), New Providence Acquisition Corp. (“NPA”), the existing equityholders of AST LLC, New Providence Acquisition Management LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Sponsor”), and Mr. Abel Avellan. Immediately, upon the completion of the Business Combination, NPA was renamed AST SpaceMobile, Inc. and AST LLC became a subsidiary of the AST SpaceMobile, Inc. The Business Combination is documented in greater detail in Note 3.

 

Following the consummation of the Business Combination (the “Closing”), the combined company is organized in an “Up-C” structure in which the business of AST LLC and its subsidiaries is held by AST SpaceMobile, Inc. and will continue to operate through the subsidiaries of AST LLC, and in which SpaceMobile’s only direct assets will consist of equity interests in AST LLC. The Company’s common stock and warrants are now listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbols “ASTS” and “ASTSW”, respectively. As the managing member of AST LLC, SpaceMobile will have full, exclusive and complete discretion to manage and control the business of AST LLC and to take all action it deems necessary, appropriate, advisable, incidental, or convenient to accomplish the purposes of AST LLC and, accordingly, the financial statements will be prepared on a consolidated basis with SpaceMobile.

 

There continues to be uncertainties regarding the pandemic of the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”), and the Company is closely monitoring the impact of COVID-19 on all aspects of its business, including how it will impact its customers, employees, suppliers, vendors, and business partners. Any estimates made herein may change as new events occur and additional information is obtained, and actual results could differ materially from any estimates made herein under different assumptions or conditions. The Company has evaluated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic for the period ended June 30, 2021 and has not realized a material impact to the Company’s technology development efforts or operations. The Company is unable to predict the impact that COVID-19 may have on its financial position and operations moving forward due to the numerous uncertainties. The Company will continue to assess the evolving impact of COVID-19.

 

 6 
   

 

2.     Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared by the Company in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim reporting and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations relating to interim financial statements. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of AST SpaceMobile, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation. The December 31, 2020 balances reported herein are derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of AST LLC. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to fairly state the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Pursuant to the Business Combination, the transaction between the Company and AST LLC was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Under this method of accounting, NPA was treated as the “acquired” company for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the Business Combination was treated as the equivalent of AST LLC issuing stock for the net assets of the Company, accompanied by a recapitalization. The net assets of AST LLC are stated at historical cost and net assets of NPA are stated at fair value, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded. The consolidated assets, liabilities and results of operations prior to the Business Combination are those of AST LLC. The shares and corresponding capital amounts prior to the Business Combination have been retroactively restated as shares reflecting the exchange ratio established in the Equity Purchase Agreement.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the Company’s annual financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 contained in our Form 8-K dated April 12, 2021. The results of operations for the periods presented are not indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021 or for any other interim period or other future year.

 

Emerging Growth Company

 

The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. If some investors find our securities less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our securities and the prices of our securities may be more volatile.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of and during the reporting period. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on historical experience when available and on other market-specific or other relevant assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Significant estimates and assumptions reflected in these financial statements include, but are not limited to, useful lives assigned to property and equipment, the fair values of Warrant liabilities, valuation and potential impairment of goodwill, intangible assets, and long-lived assets, and equity-based compensation expense. The Company assesses estimates on an ongoing basis; however, actual results could materially differ from those estimates.

 

 7 
   

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company’s cash consists of cash maintained within standard bank accounts at FDIC insured financial institutions. The Company’s cash equivalents consist of short-term money market funds. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity date of 90 days or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

U.S. GAAP requires disclosing the fair value of financial instruments to the extent practicable for financial instruments which are recognized or unrecognized in the balance sheet. The fair value of the financial instruments disclosed herein is not necessarily representative of the amount that could be realized or settled, nor does the fair value amount consider the tax consequences of realization or settlement.

 

In assessing the fair value of financial instruments, the Company uses a variety of methods and assumptions, which are based on estimates of market conditions and risks existing at the time. For certain instruments, including cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued expenses, it was estimated that the carrying amount approximated fair value because of the short maturities of these instruments.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories are carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined by the first-in first-out (FIFO) method. The cost of work-in-progress comprises raw materials, satellite componentry, direct labor, and other direct engineering costs. No reserve for excess and/or obsolete inventory was recognized in the periods presented. The Company’s inventory balance was $3.7 million and $2.6 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

Property and Equipment

 

The Company records property and equipment at cost. Repairs and maintenance costs that do not extend the useful life or enhance the productive capacity of an asset are expensed as incurred and recorded as part of general and administrative operating expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Statement of Operations. Upon retirement or disposal of property and equipment, the Company derecognizes the cost and accumulated depreciation balance associated with the asset, with a resulting gain or loss from disposal included in the determination of net income or loss. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred and any additions or improvements which extend the useful life of an asset or increase its productive capacity are capitalized. Depreciation expense is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives which the Company has assigned to its underlying asset classes, which are as follows:

   Estimated Useful Life
Computers, software, and equipment  2 to 5 years
Leasehold improvements  Shorter of estimated useful life or lease term
Satellite antenna  5 years
Test and lab equipment  5 years
Phased array test facility  5 years
Assembly and integration equipment  5 years
Furniture and fixtures  7 years
Vehicles  5 years

 

 8 
   

 

Long-Lived Assets

 

Long-lived assets, except for goodwill, consist of property and equipment and definite lived acquired intangible assets, such as developed technology and tradenames. Long-lived assets, except for goodwill, are tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be fully recoverable. The Company continually evaluates whether events or circumstances have occurred that indicate that the estimated remaining useful life of long-lived assets and definite lived intangible assets may warrant revision or if events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of these assets may be impaired. To compute whether assets have been impaired, the estimated undiscounted future cash flows for the estimated remaining useful life of the assets are compared to the carrying value. To the extent that the future cash flows are less than the carrying value, the assets are written down to the estimated fair value of the asset. There were no impairment charges for long-lived assets recognized for the periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

Goodwill

 

The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment annually, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the goodwill may be impaired. Goodwill is tested at the reporting unit level, which is considered an operating segment or one level below an operating segment. The Company has two reporting units: AST LLC and Nano. However, given no goodwill has been allocated to the AST LLC reporting unit, the Company identifies Nano as the sole reporting unit for purposes of goodwill impairment testing.

 

The annual goodwill impairment test is based on either a qualitative or quantitative assessment. We have the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If management determines this is the case, we are required to perform a quantitative assessment. A quantitative assessment is an analysis of the fair value of the reporting unit compared to its carrying value. A goodwill impairment charge is recorded for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. The Company performs the annual goodwill impairment test during the fourth quarter each year. There were no impairment charges for goodwill recognized for the periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

Warrant Liabilities

 

The Company accounts for warrants as either equity-classified or liability-classified instruments based on an assessment of the warrant’s specific terms and applicable authoritative guidance in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 480 - Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (“ASC 480”) and ASC 815 - Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC 815”). Management’s assessment considers whether the warrants are freestanding financial instruments pursuant to ASC 480, whether they meet the definition of a liability pursuant to ASC 480, and whether the warrants meet all of the requirements for equity classification under ASC 815, including whether the warrants are indexed to the Company’s own common stock and whether the warrant holders could potentially require “net cash settlement” in a circumstance outside of the Company’s control, among other conditions for equity classification. This assessment, which requires the use of professional judgment, is conducted at the time of warrant issuance and as of each subsequent quarterly period-end date while the warrants are outstanding.

 

For issued or modified warrants that meet all of the criteria for equity classification, they are recorded as a component of additional paid-in capital at the time of issuance. For issued or modified warrants that do not meet all the criteria for equity classification, they are recorded at their initial fair value on the date of issuance and subject to remeasurement each balance sheet date with changes in the estimated fair value of the warrants to be recognized as a non-cash gain or loss in the statement of operations.

 

Engineering Costs

 

Engineering costs are charged to expense as incurred. Engineering costs consist primarily of the expenses associated with our ongoing engineering efforts to establish feasibility of our satellites, as well as the cost of internal staff (such as engineers and consultants) to support these efforts. Currently, major engineering activities include the manufacturing and assembly of the satellite components required for the BW3 test satellite at the Company’s Midland, Texas facility and the development and design of the first commercial satellite launches for a first constellation phase of 20 satellites (the “BB1 Satellites”). The BW3 satellite is currently targeted to launch during a launch window beginning in March 2022. However, the exact timing of such launch is contingent on a number of factors, including satisfactory and timely completion of construction and testing of BW3. Additionally, the Company has established alternative uses (separate economic value) for BW3 and therefore, the hard costs (i.e., test equipment, antennas, sensors, cables, launch vehicles) and other nonrecurring costs solely associated with the Company’s BW3 developments are capitalized to its construction in progress (“CIP”) account, and presented on its condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

 9 
   

 

Research and Development Costs

 

Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred. Research and development costs consist principally of non-recurring engineering development efforts in which the Company typically engages third-party vendors, including engineering, design, and development for the BB1 Satellites materials and supplies, license costs, contract services, and other outside expenses. Costs for certain research and development activities are recognized in line with the completion of specific tasks using information from the Company’s vendors on their actual costs incurred. Payments for these activities are based on the terms of the individual arrangements, which may differ from the pattern of costs incurred, and reflected in the financial statements as prepaid or accrued research and development.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue related to sales of manufactured small satellites and their components as well as launch related services. The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) and its related amendments (collectively known as “ASC 606”). In accordance with ASC 606, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services. The amount of revenue reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for these goods or services. To achieve this core principle, the Company applies the following five steps: (1) identify the contract with the customer, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price to performance obligations in the contract, and (5) recognize revenue when or as the Company satisfies a performance obligation.

 

Costs to obtain the Company’s contracts are capitalized and amortized over the expected customer benefit period, and typically include commissions paid to external parties or distributors. Sales commissions are considered incremental costs in obtaining a new contract and thus are appropriately capitalized. Costs to fulfill the Company’s contracts, such as our overhead costs and third-party costs to manufacturers, do not meet the specified capitalization criteria (i.e., do not generate or enhance resources of the Company) and as such are expensed as incurred. Costs to obtain and fulfill the Company’s contracts were immaterial as of June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

 

 10 
   

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company follows the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes under ASC 740 - Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that included the enactment date.

 

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considered whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, and tax planning strategies in making this assessment.

 

ASC 740 prescribes a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statements recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more likely than not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50%) to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. A recognized tax position is then measured at the largest amount of benefit with greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as income tax expense. There were no uncertain tax positions and no amounts accrued for interest and penalties as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position.

 

Tax Receivable Agreement

In conjunction with the Business Combination, the Company also entered into a Tax Receivable Agreement (the “TRA”) with AST LLC. Pursuant to the TRA, the Company is required to pay the sellers (i) 85% of the amount of savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state, local and foreign income tax that the Company actually realizes as a result of (A) existing tax basis of certain assets of AST LLC and its subsidiaries, (B) tax basis adjustments resulting from taxable exchanges of AST LLC Common Units acquired by the Company, (C) tax deduction in respect of portions of certain payments made under the TRA, and (D) certain tax attributes that are acquired directly or indirectly by the Company pursuant to a reorganization transaction. All such payments to the Existing Equityholders of AST LLC are the obligations of the Company, and not that of AST LLC. As of June 30, 2021, there have been no exchanges of AST LLC units for Class A common stock of the Company and, accordingly, no TRA liabilities currently exist.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company estimates the grant date fair value of stock options granted to employees and to members of the Board of Directors using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. Use of the Black-Scholes model requires the Company to make assumptions with respect to the expected term of stock options, the expected volatility of the common stock consistent with the expected life of the option, risk-free interest rates and expected dividend yields of the common stock. For awards that vest based solely on achievement of a service condition, the Company recognizes expense on a straight-line basis over the period during which the award holder provides such services. For awards that vest based on both service and performance conditions, the Company recognizes expense using a graded method for such awards only to the extent it believes achievement of the performance conditions are probable. The Company recognizes forfeitures as they occur and reverses any previously recognized compensation cost associated with forfeited awards. The Company accounts for stock-based compensation for awards granted to nonemployees in a similar fashion to the way it accounts for stock-based compensation awards to employees.

 

The Company’s less than wholly owned subsidiary, AST LLC, issues stock-based compensation awards to its employees. The exercise of these awards would decrease SpaceMobile’s ownership interest in AST LLC. The Company accounts for the compensation associated with these awards similarly to the awards described above; however, the offset to the expense is recorded to noncontrolling interest rather than additional paid-in capital.

 

Collaboration Agreements

 

The Company considers the nature and contractual terms of an arrangement and assess whether the arrangement involves a joint operating activity pursuant to which it is an active participant and exposed to significant risks and rewards with respect to the arrangement. If the Company is an active participant and exposed to the significant risks and rewards with respect to the arrangement, it accounts for these arrangements pursuant to ASC Topic 808 - Collaborative Arrangements, as amended by ASU 2018-18 (“ASC 808”), and applies a systematic and rational approach to recognize revenue (unless parts of the arrangement are within the scope of other authoritative accounting literature or can be appropriately analogized to other authoritative accounting literature).

 

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Net Income (Loss) per Share

 

The Company reports both basic and diluted earnings per share. Basic earnings per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding and excludes the dilutive effect of warrants, stock options, and other types of convertible securities. Diluted earnings per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding and the dilutive effect of stock options, warrants and other types of convertible securities are included in the calculation. Dilutive securities are excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation if their effect is anti-dilutive, such as in periods where we report a net loss.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentration of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and trade receivables. The Company maintains its cash in accounts at financial institutions that, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. The cash balances in these financial institutions are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) up to $250,000. The Company may deposit cash at institutions that are not insured by the FDIC, which is limited to its foreign subsidiaries. The Company manages credit risk by reviewing the counterparties’ credit at least quarterly.

 

The Company’s subsidiary, Nano, which accounted for 100% of the Company’s revenue for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2021, derives its revenue from a small number of customers. Four customers accounted for approximately 61% of the Company’s trade receivables as of June 30, 2021, and two customers accounted for approximately 76% of the Company’s trade receivables as of December 31, 2020. Three customers accounted for approximately 74% of the Company’s revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021, and one customer accounted for approximately 20% of the Company’s revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Credit risk on accounts receivable is minimized given the research and development stage of the Company, and the fact that its primary business focus is to manufacture and launch its test satellites as opposed to entering into revenue transactions with customers in the short term.

 

Foreign Currency Translation and Transaction Gains and Losses

 

The financial statements of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are translated from local currency into reporting currency, which is U.S. dollars, using the current exchange rate at the balance sheet date for assets and liabilities, and the weighted average exchange rate prevailing during the period for revenues and expenses. The functional currency for the Company’s foreign subsidiaries is considered to be the local currency for each entity and, accordingly, translation adjustments for these subsidiaries are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss within stockholders’ equity.

 

Realized and unrealized gains and losses resulting from foreign currency transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are reflected as other income (expense), net in the consolidated statements of operations. Foreign currency translation gains and losses are recorded to accumulated other comprehensive loss on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Segments

 

Operating segments are defined as components of an entity for which separate financial information is available and that is regularly reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) in deciding how to allocate resources to an individual segment and in assessing performance. The Company’s CODM is its Chief Executive Officer. The Company has determined that it operates in one operating segment, as the CODM reviews financial information presented on a combined basis for purposes of making operating decisions, allocating resources, and evaluating financial performance.

 

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Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

In August 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-06, Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470- 20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, to reduce complexity in applying U.S. GAAP to certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity. The guidance in ASU 2020-06 simplifies the accounting for convertible debt and convertible preferred stock by removing the requirements to separately present certain conversion features in equity. The amendments in ASU 2020-06 are effective for public entities that meet the definition of an SEC filer, excluding smaller reporting companies as defined by the SEC, for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Entities should adopt the guidance as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption and cannot adopt the guidance in an interim reporting period. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2021. The new standard did not have a material effect on the financial statements as of June 30, 2021.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (ASU 2019-12), which amended the accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 eliminates certain exceptions to the guidance for income taxes related to the approach for intraperiod tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences as well as simplifying aspects of the accounting for franchise taxes and enacted changes in tax laws or rates and clarifies the accounting for transactions that result in a step-up in the tax basis of goodwill. The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 on January 1, 2021 and it did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Accounting Standards Recently Issued but Not Yet Adopted

 

In May 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt-Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force). The guidance clarifies certain aspects of the current guidance to promote consistency among reporting of an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options (for example, warrants) that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. The amendments in this update are effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for all entities, including adoption in an interim period. The Company is evaluating the potential impact of this adoption on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

All other new accounting pronouncements issued, but not yet effective or adopted have been deemed to be not relevant to the Company and, accordingly, are not expected to have a material impact once adopted.

 

3.    Business Combination

 

On April 6, 2021, the Company completed the Business Combination with AST LLC pursuant to the Equity Purchase Agreement. Pursuant to ASC 805 – Business Combinations (“ASC 805”), for financial accounting and reporting purposes, AST LLC was deemed the accounting acquirer and the Company was treated as the accounting acquiree, and the Business Combination was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization. Accordingly, the Business Combination was treated as the equivalent of AST LLC issuing stock (“AST LLC Common Units”) for the net assets of NPA, accompanied by a recapitalization. Under this method of accounting, the pre-Business Combination consolidated financial statements of the Company are the historical financial statements of AST LLC. The net assets of NPA were stated at fair value, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded in accordance with U.S. GAAP and are consolidated with AST LLC’s financial statements on the Closing date. As a result of the Business Combination with the Company, the AST LLC Series A and Series B convertible preferred stock were converted to AST LLC Common Units. The shares and net income (loss) available to holders of the Company’s common stock, prior to the Business Combination, have been retroactively restated as shares reflecting the exchange ratio established in the Equity Purchase Agreement.

 

In connection with the Business Combination, the Company entered into subscription agreements with certain investors (the “PIPE Investors”), whereby it issued 23,000,000 Class A shares of common stock at $10.00 per share (the “Private Placement Shares”) for an aggregate purchase price of $230.0 million (the “Private Placement”), which closed simultaneously with the consummation of the Business Combination.

 

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On the closing date of the Business Combination, the Company completed the acquisition of AST LLC and in return AST LLC and the AST LLC existing equityholders (“Existing Equityholders”) received (i) $416.9 million in cash, net of transaction expenses, (ii) 51.6 million shares of Class B common stock, and (iii) 78.2 million shares of Class C common stock. In connection with the Business Combination, the Company incurred direct and incremental costs of approximately $45.7 million related to the equity issuance, consisting primarily of investment banking, legal, accounting and other professional fees, which were recorded as a reduction of additional paid-in capital in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

The shares of non-economic Class B and Class C common stock of the Company entitle each share to one vote and ten votes per share, respectively. The non-economic Class B and Class C shares were issued to the Existing Equityholders to maintain the established voting percentage of SpaceMobile, as determined in the Equity Purchase Agreement.